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Epidemiology of hepatitis d. Rizzetto M, Ciancio A

Dettagli
 2012 Aug;32(3):211-9. Epub 2012 Aug 29.

Epidemiology of hepatitis d.

Source

Division of Gastroenterology, University of Torino, Torino, Italy.

Abstract

Hepatitis D occurs worldwide. The major victims of the hepatitis D virus (HDV) are individuals carrying the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg); around 5% of the HBsAg carriers in the world are infected also by HDV. With the implementation of a hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination since the 1990s, the incidence of hepatitis D has consistently declined in the developed world, particularly in Southern Europe; however, immigrants from areas where HDV remains endemic are reintroducing the infection.Hepatitis D continues to ravage populations of developing and poor countries where HBV remains unchecked; action is needed to enforce HBV vaccination as effective prophylaxis not only against HBV, but against HDV as well.

   

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